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Application & Technical Notes
© 2000-2008, RAE Systems, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Reproduction of any or all of the content of the following documents
is prohibited without the express written consent of RAE Systems, Inc.

Application Notes


AP-000 (111 KB)


RAE Systems PID Training Outline


Last Updated: January 2002



AP-200 (255 KB)


PIDs and Aircraft Wing Tank Entry


Last Updated: December 2005



AP-201 (66 KB)


Measuring Ammonia (NH3) with Photoionization Detectors (PIDs)


Last Updated: April 2001



AP-202 (48 KB)


The ABC's of Gases in the Industry


Last Updated: April 1999



AP-203 (318 KB)


PIDs as a HazMat Response Tool


Last Updated: July 2001



AP-204 (309 KB)


Pulp & Paper: Measuring Turpentine & ClO2


Last Updated: December 1999



AP-205 (44 KB)


Measuring Heat Transfer Fluids with a PID


Last Updated: November 1999



AP-206 (225 KB)


Guide to Atmospheric Testing in Confined Spaces


Last Updated: April 2006



AP-207 (65 KB)


PIDs as Arson Investigation Tools


Last Updated: April 2001



AP-211 (42 KB)


PIDs for Continuous Monitoring of VOCs


Last Updated: July 2001



AP-212 (162 KB)


Using PIDs for Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) Surveys


Last Updated: August 1999



AP-213 (48 KB)


RAEGuard PID Configuration & Applications


Last Updated: April 2006



AP-214 (39 KB)


Environmental Applications for PIDs


Last Updated: December 2005



AP-215 (57 KB)


Gas Detection in the Marine Industries


Last Updated: July 1999



AP-216 (726 KB)


en español


Using PIDs in Terrorist Chemical Attacks


Last Updated: April 2001



AP-217 (44 KB)


Confined Spaces and the Construction Industry


Last Updated: July 1999



AP-218 (184 KB)


Measurement of Fumigants in the Food Storage Industry


Last Updated: December 2004



AP-219 (195 KB)


Using PIDs for 10% of LEL Decisions


Last Updated: August 2000



AP-220 (67 KB)


Using PIDs in Clan Lab Investigations


Last Updated: September 2000



AP-221 (76 KB)


Using PIDs to Assess Exposure Risk in Unknown Environments


Last Updated: September 2000



AP-222 (111 KB)


Carbon Monoxide & Natural Gas Detection for Fire Department Engine Companies


Last Updated: March 2001



AP-226 (32 KB)


Comparison of Photoionization Detectors (PIDs) and Flame Ionization Detectors (FIDs)


Last Updated: January 2004



AP-227 (142 KB)


Using AreaRAEs for Fenceline Monitoring


Last Updated: November 2003



AP-228 (251 KB)


Facility and Venue Protection


Last Updated: September 2004



AP-229 (387 KB)


AreaRAEs for Incident Response & Law Enforcement


Last Updated: September 2003



AP-232 (70 KB)


Radioisotopes in Everyday Life


Last Updated: June 2007



AP-233 (109 KB)


Wireless Mesh Gas Detection For Oil and Gas Exploration


Last Updated: October 2008
Technical Notes



TN-106 (189 KB)
  Correction Factors, Ionization Energies, and Calibration Characteristics
  Last Updated: August 2008


TN-112 (50 KB)
  Exporting Datalogged Data to Microsoft Excel®
  Last Updated: September 2003


TN-114 (243 KB)
  Sensor Specifications and Cross-Sensitivities
  Last Updated: June 2008


TN-118 (31 KB)
  Using RAE Systems PIDs for Measuring Soil Headspace and in Soil Vapor Extractions
  Last Updated: June 2003


TN-119 (105 KB)
  Calculating STEL, TWA, Min, Max, and Average Values for ToxiRAE PIDs
  Last Updated: December 2005


TN-120 (36 KB)
  Measuring PID Correction Factors for Volatile Compounds with RAE Systems Instruments
  Last Updated: June 1997


TN-121 (97 KB)
  CO Sensor Cross-Sensitivity and Removal with a Charcoal Filter
  Last Updated: December 2005


TN-122 (66 KB)
  Compliance of RAE Systems PIDs with EPA Method 21
  Last Updated: March 2006


TN-123 (108 KB)
  Special Diagnostic Modes for RAE Systems Instruments
  Last Updated: December 2005


TN-124 (28 KB)
  PID Lamp Characteristics
  Last Updated: May 2004


TN-125 (83 KB)
  Creating Custom Correction Factors and Gas Names for the ToxiRAE II PID
  Last Updated: September 2003


TN-126 (31 KB)
  Interchangeability of Sensors in PGM-35 & PGM-50
  Last Updated: December 2000


TN-127 (41 KB)
  Benzene-Specific Measurements in Petroleum Hydrocarbons Using the RAE Systems UltraRAE
  Last Updated: April 2002


TN-130 (33 KB)
  Setting Alarm Limits for Mixtures
  Last Updated: December 1997


TN-132 (38 KB)
  Upgrading Firmware on RAE Systems Instruments
  Last Updated: May 2004


TN-133 (35 KB)
  Methylene Chloride-Specific Measurements Using the UltraRAE
  Last Updated: May 1998


TN-134 (33 KB)
  UltraRAE Bar Code Reader Patterns & Adjustments
  Last Updated: November 2003


TN-135 (38 KB)
  UltraRAE DOS Firmware & Tube Data Upgrade Procedures
  Last Updated: May 1998


TN-136 (37 KB)
  UltraRAE Operation Tips
  Last Updated: January 2002


TN-140 (55 KB)
  The Effect of Extension Tubing Volume and Vacuum on Sample Flow for RAE Systems Instruments
  Last Updated: February 2006


TN-141 (88 KB)
  Monitor Remote Control Functions
  Last Updated: April 2006


TN-142 (384 KB)
  MiniRAE 2000 & MultiRAE Pre-Preprogrammed Compound Libraries
  Last Updated: March 2006


TN-143 (40 KB)
  Accuracy Comparisons of RAE Systems Gas Detection Tubes
  Last Updated: February 2005


TN-144 (36 KB)
  Handling LEL Sensor Poisons
  Last Updated: March 1999


TN-145 (37 KB)
  Proper Care of Nickel-Cadmium Battery Packs
  Last Updated: January 2002


TN-146 (23 KB)
  Turning on UV Lamps in a PID Monitor
  Last Updated: November 2001


TN-147 (37 KB)
  UltraRAE Butadiene-Specific Measurements
  Last Updated: September 2002


TN-148 (32 KB)
  Defining the Interval Between Calibration Checks
  Last Updated: December 2004


TN-150 (1.6 MB)
  Understanding and Operating the ppbRAE Plus
  Last Updated: May 2002


TN-151 (130 KB)
  Electrochemical Sensor Replacement & Maintenance
  Last Updated: June 2008


TN-152 (39 KB)
  Effects of Operating Conditions on Oxygen Sensors
  Last Updated: February 2000


TN-153 (35 KB)
  TC (VOL %) Sensor Applications and Correction Factors
  Last Updated: September 2004


TN-154 (26 KB)
  SampleRAE Correction Factors
  Last Updated: January 2002


TN-155 (26 KB)
  2-Year Oxygen Sensor Installation & Calibration
  Last Updated: March 2002


TN-156 (75 KB)
  Correction Factors for Combustible Gas (LEL) Sensors
  Last Updated: June 2008


TN-157 (57 KB)
  Moisture Exchange Tubes for Humidity Control of Test Gases
  Last Updated: May 2001


TN-158 (46 KB)
  Conversion of PID Readings to Methane Equivalent or Hexane Equivalent FID Response
  Last Updated: February 2006


TN-159 (169 KB)
  Chemical Warfare Agent Measurements by PID
  Last Updated: March 2006


TN-160 (56 KB)
  Upgrading MultiRAE/QRAE NiCd Battery Pack
  Last Updated: March 2001


TN-161 (70 KB)
  Intrinsic Safety and Hazardous Locations
  Last Updated: January 2002


TN-162 (114 KB)
  Use of C-Filter Plugs
  Last Updated: October 2002


TN-163 (578 KB)
  Addressing MiniRAE 2000 Moisture Sensitivity
  Last Updated: December 2005

TN-164 (774 KB)
  Sharing AreaRAE Assets
  Last Updated: January 2002


TN-165 (54 KB)
  Combating Drift in Portable and Fixed PIDs
  Last Updated: January 2002


TN-166 (86 KB)
  Lithium-ion Batteries
  Last Updated: January 2002


TN-167 (119 KB)
  Proper Use of Dilution Fittings on Pumped Monitors
  Last Updated: December 2005


TN-169 (49 KB)
  Theory and Operation of NDIR Sensors
  Last Updated: April 2002


TN-170 (247 KB)
  USB to Serial Port Adaptor
  Last Updated: July 2004

TN-172 (843 KB)
  Ensuring Measurement Accuracy and Consistency of the ppbRAE by Calibrating with a RAE Systems Single-Use VOC Zeroing Tube
  Last Updated: June 2002


TN-173 (74 KB)
  Operation Guide for Demand-Flow Regulators for Calibration Gases
  Last Updated: September 2002


TN-174 (37 KB)
  Decontamination Procedures for Monitors Exposed to Chemical Warfare Agents
  Last Updated: September 2002


TN-176 (271 KB)
  Basics of Nuclear Radiation
  Last Updated: April 2005


TN-177 (84 KB)
  ITRAP Certification of Radiation Monitors (Illicit Trafficking Raditaion Assessment Program)
  Last Updated: April 2003


TN-178 (87 KB)
  Humidity Filtering II Tube for PID Measurements in Humid Environments
  Last Updated: October 2003


TN-179 (64 KB)
  Effect of Methanol and Glycols on Water Vapor Tubes
  Last Updated: November 2004


TN-180 (46 KB)
  SPE (Solid Polymer Electrolyte) Oxygen Sensor
  Last Updated: December 2005


TN-181 (47 KB)
  Managing Large Datalog Files in ProRAE Remote
  Last Updated: November 2004


TN-182 (530 KB)
  Basics of Wireless Security
  Last Updated: December 2004


TN-183 (400 KB)
  ProRAE Remote Host Controller: Communication Troubleshooting Guide
  Last Updated: April 2005


TN-184 (27 KB)
  EntryRAE Duty Cycling
  Last Updated: May 2005


TN-185 (184 KB)
  Response Guidelines for Inadvertent Movement or Illicit Trafficking of Radioactive Material
  Last Updated: September 2005


TN-186 (94 KB)
  MiniRAE 3000 & ppbRAE 3000 Pre-Programmed Compound Libraries
  Last Updated: June 2008

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